vineri, 31 iulie 2015

Despre curiozitate...

Curiozitatea este acea particularitate interactivă a unei fiinte prin care își explorează spontan ambiența și caută schimbări în structura sau dinamica acesteia. Probabil majoritatea viețuitoarelor sunt curioase pentru a supraviețui, dar omul a ridicat curiozitatea la rang de calitate fundamentală și o pune la baza tuturor conexiunilor și implicărilor proprii.
Numai impulsul de supraviețuire fără o curiozitate superioară, multiplu orientată, capabilă să cerceteze, să problematizeze și să răspundă tuturor provocărilor realului, nu ar duce la extrem de complicata rețea de unelte, tehnologii, proceduri de construcție și instituții specializate operant sau decizional, prin care omul modern își valorifică nelimitarea trupului și a minții.
Unul din cele mai elaborate fructe ale curiozității este știința. Ea oferă o lume mereu nouă, cu alte forme, interacțiuni, calități și evenimente, în funcție de acele legi naturale pe care omul le descoperă și le folosește pentru a extrage efecte din agregatul universului.
În mod paradoxal nu există o singură variantă de realitate, există atâtea lumi diferite cauzal câte tipuri de legi fundamentale și derivate extrage mintea curioasă din experiența și din resursele imaginative proprii.
De asemenea nu există un singur tip de individ, se poate spune că sunt miliarde, fiecare curios în felul său propriu, fiecare acceptând și respingând alte lucruri, fiecare dorind altă variantă de sine sau una imprevizibilă a semenului său, pentru a se simți în siguranță sau în pericol, pentru a se satisface și împlini.
Prin curiozitate omul intră într-un anume uman și tot prin curiozitate îl părăsește în favoarea altuia, iar procesul umanizării și reumanizării este infinit, la fel ca și frontierele curiozității.

joi, 30 iulie 2015

I'm the ghost in the back of your head

miercuri, 29 iulie 2015

Old Midgard

In the middle of the universe you will find the world of man. Some say that Midgard bears the most beautiful leaves on the worldtree Yggdrasil, but the world of man is very fragile world and is under a permanent thret. The sophisticated ballance between polariies which is the fundament of Midgard, could be easily disturbed. If that would happen the forces of chaos will innundate the earth and the end will be the only future for mankind.


Ethical egoism

Egoism can be a descriptive or a normative position. Psychological egoism, the most famous descriptive position, claims that each person has but one ultimate aim: her own welfare. Normative forms of egoism make claims about what one ought to do, rather than describe what one does do. Ethical egoism claims that it is necessary and sufficient for an action to be morally right that it maximize one's self-interest. Rational egoism claims that it is necessary and sufficient for an action to be rational that it maximize one's self-interest.

All forms of egoism require explication of “self-interest” (or “welfare” or “well-being”). There are two main theories. Preference or desire accounts identify self-interest with the satisfaction of one's desires. Often, and most plausibly, these desires are restricted to self-regarding desires. What makes a desire self-regarding is controversial, but there are clear cases and counter-cases: a desire for my own pleasure is self-regarding; a desire for the welfare of others is not. Objective accounts identify self-interest with the possession of states (such as virtue or knowledge) that are valued independently of whether they are desired. Hedonism, which identifies self-interest with pleasure, is either a preference or an objective account, according to whether what counts as pleasure is determined by one's desires.
Psychological egoism claims that each person has but one ultimate aim: her own welfare. This allows for action that fails to maximize perceived self-interest, but rules out the sort of behavior psychological egoists like to target — such as altruistic behavior or motivation by thoughts of duty alone. It allows for weakness of will, since in weakness of will cases I am still aiming at my own welfare; I am weak in that I do not act as I aim. And it allows for aiming at things other than one's welfare, such as helping others, where these things are a means to one's welfare.
Psychological egoism is supported by our frequent observation of self-interested behavior. Apparently altruistic action is often revealed to be self-interested. And we typically motivate people by appealing to their self-interest (through, for example, punishments and rewards).

Ethical egoism claims that it is necessary and sufficient for an action to be morally right that it maximize one's self-interest. (There are possibilities other than maximization. One might, for example, claim that one ought to achieve a certain level of welfare, but that there is no requirement to achieve more. Ethical egoism might also apply to things other than acts, such as rules or character traits. Since these variants are uncommon, and the arguments for and against them are largely the same as those concerning the standard version, we set them aside.)
One issue concerns how much ethical egoism differs in content from standard moral theories. It might appear that it differs a great deal. After all, moral theories such as Kantianism, utilitarianism, and common-sense morality require that an agent give weight to the interests of others. They sometimes require uncompensated sacrifices, particularly when the loss to the agent is small and the gain to others is large. (Say the cost to me of saving a drowning person is getting my shirtsleeve wet.) Ethical egoists can reply, however, that egoism generates many of the same duties to others. The argument runs as follows. Each person needs the cooperation of others to obtain goods such as defense or friendship. If I act as if I give no weight to others, others will not cooperate with me. If, say, I break my promises whenever it is in my direct self-interest to do so, others will not accept my promises, and may even attack me. I do best, then, by acting as if others have weight (provided they act as if I have weight in return).
It is unlikely that this argument proves that ethical egoism generates all of the standard duties to others. For the argument depends on the ability of others to cooperate with me or attack me should I fail to cooperate. In dealings with others who lack these abilities, the egoist has no reason to cooperate. The duties to others found in standard moral theories are not conditional in this way. I do not, for example, escape a duty to save a drowning person, when I can easily do so, just because the drowning person (or anyone watching) happens never to be able to offer fruitful cooperation or retaliation.

miercuri, 1 iulie 2015


“Only once in your life, I truly believe, you find someone who can completely turn your world around. You tell them things that you’ve never shared with another soul and they absorb everything you say and actually want to hear more. You share hopes for the future, dreams that will never come true, goals that were never achieved and the many disappointments life has thrown at you. When something wonderful happens, you can’t wait to tell them about it, knowing they will share in your excitement. They are not embarrassed to cry with you when you are hurting or laugh with you when you make a fool of yourself. Never do they hurt your feelings or make you feel like you are not good enough, but rather they build you up and show you the things about yourself that make you special and even beautiful. There is never any pressure, jealousy or competition but only a quiet calmness when they are around. You can be yourself and not worry about what they will think of you because they love you for who you are. The things that seem insignificant to most people such as a note, song or walk become invaluable treasures kept safe in your heart to cherish forever. Memories of your childhood come back and are so clear and vivid it’s like being young again. Colours seem brighter and more brilliant. Laughter seems part of daily life where before it was infrequent or didn’t exist at all. A phone call or two during the day helps to get you through a long day’s work and always brings a smile to your face. In their presence, there’s no need for continuous conversation, but you find you’re quite content in just having them nearby. Things that never interested you before become fascinating because you know they are important to this person who is so special to you. You think of this person on every occasion and in everything you do. Simple things bring them to mind like a pale blue sky, gentle wind or even a storm cloud on the horizon. You open your heart knowing that there’s a chance it may be broken one day and in opening your heart, you experience a love and joy that you never dreamed possible. You find that being vulnerable is the only way to allow your heart to feel true pleasure that’s so real it scares you. You find strength in knowing you have a true friend and possibly a soul mate who will remain loyal to the end. Life seems completely different, exciting and worthwhile. Your only hope and security is in knowing that they are a part of your life.”